A6-Loopy Programs

Objectives

• Apply counting loops to display data
• Use indefinite loops to process data
• Develop the ability to find minimum and maximum values
• Code nested loops

Read the Scholastic Honesty Policy and Assignment Integrity policies of the syllabus. Here are some clarifications for this particular assignment:

• You are encouraged to work with one other student of this class following the rules of Pair Programming for Homework Assignments. If you choose to pair program, there is a bonus applied.
• You may not give a copy of your code to your designated pair-programming partner if you did not develop the code together.
• You may not show your completed code to another person or look at another person's code until you complete and submit this assignment, except for code you develop together with your pair-programming partner.
• You may get help from people other than your pair-programming partner if you get stuck, but only if they do not show or tell you the code to type.
• Remember that the instructor performs similarity tests on programming project submissions, and plagiarized code is usually very easy to detect.

Preparation

1. Make sure you have completed the exercises from lesson 5 and lesson 6.
2. Complete the Review Exercises in CodeLab 5 and 6. These exercises will help prepare you for the problem-solving programs and should be completed first.

Project Specifications

Your solutions to these projects must only use techniques we have covered so far.

Programming Style

For all programs, remember to follow all the style rules we covered including the recent items:

1. No magic numbers
2. Indentation in `while` statements and placement of curly braces
3. No tab characters in your code.

You can remove tab characters by either setting up TextPad correctly (see here) or by running a program named astyle (see here).

4. Meaningful variable names and consistent naming style (caps vs. underbars).

Project 1: Loop Worksheet

Counting loops are very commonly used in programming to ... count things. Character data types are used to store and display individual letters and other symbols. The string type stores sequences of characters. In this project we explore the relationships between counting loops, characters and strings in C++.

Project Specifications

Keep the same filename and add to the existing code to complete the project. Leave the existing code unchanged, except as explained with comments and these instructions. Include all your code in this single file.

2. Add your name and the date to the file comment block at the top of the file.
3. User input is already coded into the worksheet.

Do not add any other input commands or change the input order.

4. Read the comments in the worksheet file and write the code where indicated by the comments. See the Example Run to verify the correctness of each computation.
5. Example Run: The input prompts and outputs of the program must look like the following for full credit, including the same order of input and exact wording of the output. For the input shown you must get the same output. However, the output must change properly if the inputs are different.
```*** Loop Worksheet! ***
Enter a string message: Hello World!
Enter a single character: x
Enter an integer between 1 and 20: 15

Printing a string of 5's the length of the string
Hello World!
#1: 555555555555
All 5 the length of the input string.

Alternating between printing the ith letter of str and x for the length of str.
#2: HxlxoxWxrxdx
An alternation without hesitation!

#3: Printing the first letters of str from 1 to length.
H
He
Hel
Hell
Hello
Hello
Hello W
Hello Wo
Hello Wor
Hello Worl
Hello World
Hello World!
Yay! We finished.

Printing all letters >= (n * 3 + 42) in string; otherwise otherwise printing _
#4: _ello_World_
Why 42?

Printing Hello World! in alternating upper then lower case.
#5: HeLlO WoRlD!
That's an alternate statement!
```

In the above example run, the user entered the values shown in aqua italics (for emphasis) to produce the output. Your program does NOT print the characters in aqua italics, nor does the user input appear in aqua italics.

6. After displaying the output, exit the program.
7. Submit the source code file `loopwork.cpp` with the rest of the assignment as described in Deliverables.

Project 2: Texting to English Converter

Abbreviations, contractions, acronyms and initialisms have long been used to avoid spelling out whole words [1]. These shortened forms of words make writing easier and faster, though often harder to understand.

One such set of abbreviations became popular for texting with mobile phones and other Internet-based communication such as email and instant messaging [2][3]. In this project we will look at how to translate a small subset of these texting abbreviations into their full words or phrases.

Project Specifications
1. Write a program that translates common SMS abbreviations into their full words or phrases.
2. Name the source code file `sms6.cpp` and include all your code in this single file.

Be careful of the spelling, including capitalization, as you will lose points for a misspelled name. Naming is important in programming.

3. Ask the user for the message to translate, and no other input, as shown in the Example Run below.

While the user will enter a phrase, translate the input one word at a time with `cin >>` in a loop. See lesson 6.1.5: Processing Text Input for how to process text word-by-word in a loop.

4. Allow the user to exit the program by pressing Ctrl+Z on Windows and Ctrl+D on Mac or Linux.
5. The program must translate the following SMS text abbreviations to English at a minimum:
Abbr. Translation
4for
cusee you
L8late
L8rlater
m8mate
rare
uyou
uryou are
wuwhat's up?

The output must display all on one line as shown in the Example Run below. Translating more abbreviations is OK as long as the extra words do not interfere with the above translations.

6. Example Run: The input prompts and outputs of the program must look like the following for full credit, including the same order of input and exact wording of the output. For the input shown you must get the same output. However, the output must change correctly if the inputs are different.
```*** SMS Decoder ***
Enter an SMS message and press Enter (Ctrl+Z/Ctrl+D to exit)
Hey m8 wu<Enter>
Hey mate what's up? <Enter>
Where r u ? u r l8 4 class<Enter>
Where are you ? you are late for class <Enter>
cu l8r<Enter>
see you later <Ctrl+Z>
```

In the above example run, the user entered the values shown in aqua italics (for emphasis) to produce the output. Your program does NOT print the characters in aqua italics, nor does the user input appear in aqua italics. To get the values to appear on new lines, the user preceeded the input by pressing the Enter ↵ or Return keys as indicated with `<Enter>`.

7. Submit the source code file `sms6.cpp` with the rest of the assignment as described in Deliverables.
Hints:
1. Abbreviation: Wikipedia
2. SMS language: Wikipedia
3. Huge List of Texting and Online Chat Abbreviations

Project 3: Real or Fake News Detector

Fake, or hoax, news websites deliberately publish made-up stories as news, using social media to drive web traffic and amplify their effect [1]. This is a form of dishonesty known as a scam or swindle, and has been a boon for people trying to make a quick profit. Profit for fake news sites is primarily driven by online advertising revenue made mostly through Google, Facebook, and Instagram [2]. Google, Facebook and Instagram ban accounts and advertisers that show illegal or misleading content [3][4][5]. Do NOT confuse fake news with opinionated analysis from sites made on the basis of their ideologies.

For this project you are to write a program to help identify fake (made up) news. The instructor is providing you with five (5) "news" samples from the internet for testing your program. Some of the samples are real news articles and some are fake news articles. You must decide which are real and which are fake and write your program to identify them correctly.

To develop your algorithm for the decision, try playing the game Factitious.

Project Specifications
1. Write a program that uses a loop to scan a "news" article and decide if it is real or fake. The instructor will use the following articles for testing:
2. The name of the source code file for this program must be `realfake.cpp` and all your code must be in this file.

Be careful of the spelling, including capitalization, as you will lose points for a misspelled name. Naming is important in programming.

3. Your program must run from the command line using redirection of input as follows:
```./realfake < input.txt
```

Where input.txt is the news article file to test. See lesson 6.1.5: Processing Text Input and choose a way to process text for your approach. Comparing "words" like we did in Exercise 6.1: Finding Words may be easier.

4. Your program must print out a single word "Real" or "Fake" (without the quote marks) when run, depending on the article scanned, like this:
```./realfake < input.txt
Fake
```

In the above, `input.txt` is the name of an example article. However, you will need to use the actual article names listed in specification 1 above like:

```./realfake < army-ar.txt
```
5. Your program must correctly output the word "Fake" on three (3) articles and "Real" on two (2) articles based on the contents of the articles.
6. After printing the appropriate word, exit the program. Do NOT add a loop for the purpose of allowing the program to run again.
7. Submit this project with the rest of the assignment as described in Deliverables.
Hints:
• Remember that "words" are any set of characters separated by spaces. Thus a word might include parenthesis like "(hello)".
• Your final program should have a single `while`-loop and several `if`-statements inside the loop.
Resources

Here are some resources to help you get started solving the problem:

These sources may or may not correctly list fake news articles or sites. You must research and decide for yourself.

Extra Credit

The following are worth extra credit points:

1. Complete the assignment using pair programming with the same person for all three projects. (2 points)
2. In `sms6.cpp`, translate both upper and lower case variants of texting abbreviations without changing the case of non-abbreviated words (2 points). For example:
```*** SMS Decoder ***
Enter an SMS message and press Enter (Ctrl+Z/Ctrl+D to exit)
Bye M8 cU L8r
Bye mate see you later
```

In the above, the case of the word `Bye` was not changed because it was not an abbreviation. However, the case of M8 was changed because it was an abbreviation. Remember that your solution must only use techniques we have covered so far.

3. Display `fake` and `real` for the actual fake and real news sites. (1 point)
4. Play the extra credit game: Lightbot 1. (2 points)
1. Requires flash installed and may not work on many browsers -- Chrome OK
2. After loading, press the word `play` below the advertisement
3. Complete the game through level 9
4. Record the message shown at the beginning of level 10 in your `README.txt` under Extra Credit.
5. Please do not cheat. If you get stuck, just explain how far you got in the README.txt and record the message for the level you completed.
6. If you go beyond level 9, make certain to still record the message for the beginning of level 10.

Make certain that your `README.txt` file describes any extra credit attempted.

Tutorial Lab

In preparation for next weeks lessons, complete the following:

2. Complete the Tutorial Exercises in CodeLab 6 before the specified due date.

Refer to the assigned reading for the next lesson to help you understand the problems. Also, you can use the online lecture notes for more information as the notes become available. You can look at solutions if you miss your first few attempts and are stuck by clicking the "Solution" tab.

The instructor will evaluate your assignment using the following criteria. Thus you should check your assignment against these criteria to maximize your score.

Each criteria represents a specific achievement of your assignment and has a scoring guide. The scoring guide explains the possible scores you can receive. Some scoring guides have a list of indicators. These indicators are a sign of meeting, or a symptom of not meeting, the specific criterion. Note that a single indicator may not always be reliable or appropriate in a given context. However, as a group, they show the condition of meeting the criterion.

For information on grading policies, including interpretation of scores, see the syllabus.

Lesson Exercises

• 2: All lesson exercises attempted and turned in
• 1: Some lesson exercises completed and turned in
• 0: No lesson exercises completed or turned in

Programming Projects (x3)

• 5: Demonstrates mastery of the program
• Applies concepts from the lessons appropriately
• Meets all specifications (see above)
• Runs to completion with no abnormal error conditions
• Generates correct output given correct input
• Correct file name
• 4: Has most of the functionality expected of the program
• Demonstrates some techniques from the lesson
• Attempts to meet all but one of the specifications (see above)
• Implementation seems more complicated than necessary.
• May have one minor error
• 3: Has some of the functionality expected of the program
• Demonstrates some techniques from the lesson
• Attempts to meet at least 1/2 of the specifications (see above)
• Implementation seems excessively complicated.
• May have 2-3 minor errors
• 2: Serious functional problems but shows some effort and understanding
• Attempts to meet less than 1/2 of the of the specifications (see above)
• Has a major error or many minor errors
• Implementation seems very convoluted
• Demonstrates few techniques from the lesson
• 1: Does not compile or wrong file turned in
• 0: Not turned in or uses techniques not covered

Programming Projects Style

• 3: Code is well-documented including:
• 2: Code has a minor documentation error
• 1: Code has some documentation errors
• 0: No apparent attempt to follow documentation standards or write documentation comments

CodeLab and Other Tutorial Exercises

• Number CodeLab completed correctly / number exercises * 8 and rounded up to the nearest integer.

`README.txt` File

• 2: `README.txt` file submitted following the instructions
• 1: `README.txt` file submitted but some information was missing
• 0: No `README.txt` file submitted

Total possible: 30, plus extra credit

Deliverables

Submit your assignment to Canvas, in the assignment folder A6-Loopy Programs, following the instructions for submitting homework. Include the following items for grading:

1. `README.txt` file with option extra credit information
2. All the exercise files from Lesson 5 and Lesson 6 including:
• `countdown.cpp`
• `findword.cpp`
• `forloop.cpp`
• `scores.cpp`
• `test.cpp` (optional)
3. `loopwork.cpp`
4. `sms6.cpp`
5. `realfake.cpp`

You must submit all the files needed to complete your assignment. Your assignment must work as submitted. Remember to test and double check your files before submitting them. If you make a mistake, you can resubmit up to the deadline. If you resubmit, you must include all your assignment files in the last submission as Canvas hides prior submissions.

Last Updated: October 13 2019 @20:55:47